Ancient Monuments

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Winestead Manor moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Patrington, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.6939 / 53°41'38"N

Longitude: -0.0358 / 0°2'8"W

OS Eastings: 529789.936256

OS Northings: 423734.772453

OS Grid: TA297237

Mapcode National: GBR XT6Q.1K

Mapcode Global: WHHH7.FF60

Entry Name: Winestead Manor moated site

Scheduled Date: 11 May 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009778

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21198

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Patrington

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Winestead St Germain

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument is the moated site of Winestead Manor. It includes a
sub-rectangular platform enclosed by a single dry moat.
The island is 80m long east-west and 60m wide north-south. The northern and
eastern arms of the moat are 15m wide and 3m deep. The western arm is also 15m
wide but has been heavily silted and is only 1m deep, although it deepens to
2m in depth toward the south-western corner. The southern arm of the moat is
the same width as the other arms and is 1.5m to 2m deep. An earthen causeway
crosses the western arm of the moat close to the north-western corner and may
be an original access causeway onto the island. An early 19th-century brick
bridge crosses the eastern arm of the moat at its northern end.
The monument was the site of the manor of Winestead. The first house on this
site is thought to have been built in the 12th century and was occupied until
1579. For much of that time the manor was owned by the Hildyard family. It was
Christopher Hildyard who abandoned the site in 1579 after his son was drowned
in the moat, moving the house to a site further to the north. By 1636, when a
survey was taken, the platform was in use as a 'hop-yard'. Since that time the
island has been a farmyard and, later, a kitchen garden.
The medieval parish church of Winestead lies immediately adjacent to the
moated site to the east.
The brick bridge which crosses the moat is excluded from the scheduling
but the ground beneath its piers is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The manor site at Winestead survives well and is historically well documented.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Le Patourel, H E J, Moated site of Yorkshire, (1973), 117
Loughlin, N, Miller, K, Survey of Archaeological Sites in Humberside, (1979), 56
Miller, N J, Winestead and its Lords, (1932), 42
Neave, D, Waterson, E, Lost Houses of East Yorkshire, (1988), 67
Poulson, G, History and Antiquities of Holderness, (1841), 473-474

Source: Historic England

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