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Bowl barrow 600m north of Rookham Plantation

A Scheduled Monument in St Cuthbert Out, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2393 / 51°14'21"N

Longitude: -2.6526 / 2°39'9"W

OS Eastings: 354538.408492

OS Northings: 149100.323702

OS Grid: ST545491

Mapcode National: GBR MN.21T6

Mapcode Global: VH89R.Z31T

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 600m north of Rookham Plantation

Scheduled Date: 19 December 1929

Last Amended: 11 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009774

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13837

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: St Cuthbert Out

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located between two lead mining rakes and
set on level ground 600m north of Rookham Plantation. The barrow mound is 21m
in diameter and c.1.75m high at its highest point. Although no longer visible
at ground level a ditch, from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become
infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The barrow 600m north of Rookham Plantation survives well despite evidence
of mining in the area and contains archaeological and environmental evidence
relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The importance of the monument is enhanced by its location in an area which
supports a concentration of contemporary burial monuments, thus giving an
indication of the nature and scale of human occupation during the Bronze Age
period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeology and Natural Hist Soc' in Somerset Barrows Part II, , Vol. Vol 115, (1971)
Tratman, EK, 'Proceedings of the Univ of Bristol Speleological Society' in Proceedings of the University of Bristol Speleological Society, , Vol. Vol 3(1), (1927)

Source: Historic England

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