Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 480m south of Irongates Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Harting, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.9409 / 50°56'27"N

Longitude: -0.868 / 0°52'4"W

OS Eastings: 479628.27686

OS Northings: 116327.838218

OS Grid: SU796163

Mapcode National: GBR CCZ.WY8

Mapcode Global: FRA 962M.7NL

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 480m south of Irongates Lodge

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 21 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009760

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20015

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Harting

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Octagon

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk ridge running south
from Harting Hill. The barrow mound survives as an earthwork 21m in diameter
and stands to a height of 1.3m. Surrounding the barrow mound is a ditch from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is
no longer visible at ground level but is believed to survive as a buried
feature c.3m wide. A hollow in the centre of the mound suggests that it was
once partially excavated.
The fence and fence posts which cross the barrow are excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow 480m south of Irongates Lodge
survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which the monument was

Source: Historic England

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