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Three carved rocks opposite St Margaret's Church

A Scheduled Monument in Ilkley, Bradford

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9216 / 53°55'17"N

Longitude: -1.8268 / 1°49'36"W

OS Eastings: 411471.045538

OS Northings: 447287.765781

OS Grid: SE114472

Mapcode National: GBR HRP2.9Y

Mapcode Global: WHC8N.XP8H

Entry Name: Three carved rocks opposite St Margaret's Church

Scheduled Date: 30 December 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009702

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25254

County: Bradford

Civil Parish: Ilkley

Built-Up Area: Ilkley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ilkley St Margaret

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a group of three gritstone boulders set in concrete,
the upper surfaces of which bear complex carvings comprising cups, rings, and
other markings.
The rocks are situated in an iron-railed enclosure north of St Margaret's
Church, Ilkley.
The scheduling includes the whole of the area enclosed by the iron railing
within which the rocks are situated. The iron railing itself is not included
in the scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rombalds Moor is an eastern outlier of the main Pennine range lying between
the valleys of the Wharfe and the Aire. The bulk of this area of 90 sq km of
rough moorland lies over 200m above sea level. The moor is particularly rich
in remains of prehistoric activity. The most numerous relics are the rock
carvings which can be found on many of the boulders and outcrops scattered
across the moor. Burial monuments, stone circles and a range of enclosed
settlements are also known.
Prehistoric rock carving is found on rock outcrops in several parts of upland
Britain with one of the densest concentrations on Rombalds Moor. The most
common form of decoration is the 'cup and ring' mark in which expanses of
small cup-like hollows, which may be surrounded by one or more 'rings', are
pecked into the surface of the rock. Other shapes and patterns, including some
dominated by grooves or lines, are also known. Carvings may occur singly or in
small groups, or may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They are surmised
to date to the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods (c.2800-500 BC) and
provide one of our most important insights into prehistoric 'art'. The exact
meaning of the designs remains unknown, but they have been interpreted as
sacred or religious symbols. Frequently they are found close to contemporary
burial monuments. All positively identified prehistoric rock carving sites
exhibiting a significant group of designs have been identified as nationally
important.

Although not in their original location, these stones remain important because
they are fixtures in their present setting and retain important carvings. In
particular the stone known as the Panorama Stone bears 'ladder` markings,
which are very rare. It will make a significant contribution to analysis of
the form and meaning of these rock carvings.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 44
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 44
Hedges, J D (ed), The Carved Rocks on Rombalds Moor, (1986), 44

Source: Historic England

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