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Dunn Crags farmstead and irregular enclosed field system, 950m north-west of Colwell

A Scheduled Monument in Chollerton, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.0807 / 55°4'50"N

Longitude: -2.0869 / 2°5'12"W

OS Eastings: 394547.515654

OS Northings: 576253.316783

OS Grid: NY945762

Mapcode National: GBR F9VP.ZJ

Mapcode Global: WHB1S.XKDF

Entry Name: Dunn Crags farmstead and irregular enclosed field system, 950m north-west of Colwell

Scheduled Date: 10 August 1954

Last Amended: 22 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009693

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20931

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Chollerton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Chollerton St Giles

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes a well preserved farmstead of medieval date situated in
a sheltered position on a south-facing slope between two hills, now on the
edge of a roadstone quarry. A main rectangular enclosure measuring 48m east to
west by 43m north to south lies within strong stone and earth banks 4m across
and 0.6m high. An entrance leads into the enclosure at the centre of the south
wall where there are clear foundations of several rectangular buildings, the
most prominent of which measures 10m by 14m. Attached to the south-eastern
corner of the large enclosure is a rectangular annexe measuring 26m by 25m
with walls of similar proportions to the main enclosure. An entrance lies in
the centre of the south wall and within the annexe there are platforms of
rectangular buildings. A length of bank 22m long is attached to the south-
western corner of the large enclosure. Immediately to the south of the
farmstead are two strip lynchets formed by cultivation of the sloping ground.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Farmsteads, normally occupied by only one or two families and comprising small
groups of buildings with attached yards, gardens and enclosures, were a
characteristic feature of the medieval rural landscape. They occur throughout
the country, the intensity of their distribution determined by local
topography and the nature of the agricultural system prevalent within the
region. In some areas of dispersed settlement they were the predominant
settlement form; elsewhere they existed alongside, or were components of, more
nucleated settlement patterns. The sites of many farmsteads have been
occupied down to the present day but others were abandoned as a result of, for
example, declining economic viability, enclosure or emparkment, or epidemics
like the Black Death. In the northern border areas, recurring cross-border
raids and military activities also disrupted agricultural life and led to
abandonments. Farmsteads are a common and long-lived monument type; the
archaeological deposits on those which were abandoned are often well-preserved
and provide important information on regional and national settlement patterns
and farming economies, and on changes in these through time.

The farmstead east of Dunn Crags survives well and retains a wide range of
features. Significant archaeological remains will survive across the whole of
the site.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Hogg, A H A, 'Proc Soc Antiq Ncle 4 ser 11' in Native Settlements of Northumberland, (1947), 175
Jobey, G, 'Archaeologia Aeliana 4 ser 38' in Rectilinear Sites (Appendix to Rect settle of the Roman per), (1960), 35
Other
No. 5460,

Source: Historic England

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