Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle with concentric annexe 1.4km south west of East Castick Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Hill, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5529 / 50°33'10"N

Longitude: -4.4649 / 4°27'53"W

OS Eastings: 225479.288671

OS Northings: 75474.534761

OS Grid: SX254754

Mapcode National: GBR NF.GJY8

Mapcode Global: FRA 17JL.Y1B

Entry Name: Stone hut circle with concentric annexe 1.4km SW of East Castick Farm

Scheduled Date: 4 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009682

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15115

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: North Hill

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: North Hill

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle with a concentric annexe situated
near a Prehistoric field system, enclosure and other hut circles in the broad
valley between Kilmar Tor and Hawk's Tor, part of Twelve Men's Moor on eastern
Bodmin Moor.
The hut circle survives with a circular wall of heaped rubble, up to 1.5m wide
and 0.5m high, around a levelled internal area 3.5m in diameter. An entrance-
gap in the wall, 0.5m wide, faces SSE, and is lined at each side by an end-set
slab called an orthostat, one of which has fallen inwards. A 2m wide gap
separates the hut circle wall from a second rubble wall, of similar
dimensions, which runs concentrically outside the NW half of the hut circle,
thereby creating an outer annexe.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

This hut circle on Twelve Men's Moor has survived well without any evident or
recorded disturbance and displays an unusual concentric annexe. Its proximity
to other broadly contemporary hut circles and field boundaries demonstrates
well the nature of settlement during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
consulted 6/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2575,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1173,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190.04,

Source: Historic England

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