Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 510m north of Latham Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Waterhouses, Staffordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0428 / 53°2'34"N

Longitude: -1.8322 / 1°49'55"W

OS Eastings: 411347.286779

OS Northings: 349516.986802

OS Grid: SK113495

Mapcode National: GBR 371.CKS

Mapcode Global: WHCDX.TSQ5

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 510m north of Latham Hall

Scheduled Date: 20 May 1963

Last Amended: 4 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009680

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13578

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Waterhouses

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Calton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow located in a slight saddle on the crest of
a broad low ridge 510m north of Latham Hall. It survives as a slightly
oval earth and stone mound up to 2m high with maximum dimensions of 27m by
26.5m. A central pit 4m diameter and 0.4m deep is the site of limited
antiquarian investigation. On the south-east side of the mound is a recently
backfilled trench measuring 5m by 2.5m that marks the site of a 1959
excavation, and nearby is an area of partial robbing or quarrying. The 19th
century investigation located a rock-cut grave containing an inhumation
together with a bronze dagger and a flint artifact. Above this grave were
animal bones and flints and above these, near the surface of the barrow, was
an extended inhumation. No finds were recovered during the 1959 work.
A signpost on the south-east side of the mound is excluded from the
scheduling. The ground beneath it, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited 19th and 20th century investigation of the monument the bowl
barrow 510m north of Latham Hall remains a well preserved earthwork. The 19th
century excavation located human and faunal remains together with flint and
bronze artifacts, and further evidence of interments and grave goods will
exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861), 118
Gunstone, , Leek and District Field Club, (1959)
Other
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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