Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 400m south of Normanton Gorse

A Scheduled Monument in Wilsford cum Lake, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1681 / 51°10'5"N

Longitude: -1.8389 / 1°50'20"W

OS Eastings: 411355.857001

OS Northings: 140996.679931

OS Grid: SU113409

Mapcode National: GBR 3YP.PX2

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.2WPX

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 400m south of Normanton Gorse

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 3 April 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009623

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10329

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Wilsford cum Lake

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Woodford Valley with Archers Gate

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow 400m south of Normanton Gorse, situated on
a south facing slope and overlooking an east-west combe that separates
Normanton Down from Wilsford Down.
The barrow mound is 0.8m high and now difficult to measure, probably as a
result of disturbance by past agricultural activities. It is represented on
the 1971 Ordnance Survey 25inch map, from which its diameter is calculated to
be c.20m. It is surrounded by a ditch which is no longer visible on the
ground, having become infilled over the years, but is calculated to be c.2m
wide, giving an overall diameter of 24m. The barrow was partially excavated in
the 19th century and found to have been previously opened.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath these
features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods.

Despite disturbance by farming activities, the bowl barrow 400m south of
Normanton Gorse is known from partial excavation to contain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape
in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

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