Ancient Monuments

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Agglomerated enclosure with hut circles south-west of Ditsworthy Clam

A Scheduled Monument in Shaugh Prior, Devon

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Latitude: 50.4748 / 50°28'29"N

Longitude: -4.0036 / 4°0'13"W

OS Eastings: 257921.15766

OS Northings: 65799.476496

OS Grid: SX579657

Mapcode National: GBR Q3.0HDW

Mapcode Global: FRA 27HS.XS0

Entry Name: Agglomerated enclosure with hut circles south-west of Ditsworthy Clam

Scheduled Date: 24 August 1962

Last Amended: 24 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009573

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10693

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Shaugh Prior

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


The Dartmoor landscape includes many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone
walls or earth and stone banks, which acted as stock pens or protected areas
for crop growing. Some of them were subdivided to accommodate hut dwellings
for farmers and herdsmen. Many examples date to the Bronze Age (c.2500 - 500
BC), though earlier and later ones also exist.
This agglomerated enclosure lies on a spur above the south bank of the River
Plym, south-west of Ditsworthy Clam. It consists of five conjoined enclosures
with hut circles and a later longhouse built in the middle. The Lee Moor
China Clay Works Leat cuts through the north-western part and it is not
included in the scheduling. The agglomeration covers an area of c.2.7ha,
defined by enclosure banks of earth and stone up to 2m in width and 0.5m in
height. Within the enclosures there are fourteen huts ranging from 4m to 11m
in diameter with walls up to 2.5m in width and 0.6m in height. Entrances to
the huts vary from the north-west to the south-east. The agglomeration
appears to have developed from the largest circular enclosure on the north-
east side, with four smaller enclosures having been added to the south and
west of it. There is a longhouse with associated courts within the complex;
it is 7m in length and 4m in width with walls 1m in thickness and survives to
a height of 1.5m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the Early Prehistoric period onwards.
The well preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time.
This agglomerated enclosure is a well preserved example. It provides an
important insight into occupation and farming practices on the Moor during the
Prehistoric period and the later longhouse indicates the continuity of
exploitation of this part of the Moor.

Source: Historic England


Devon County SMR, SX56NE-053,

Source: Historic England

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