Ancient Monuments

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Enclosure and associated bowl barrow west of Wexland Hanging

A Scheduled Monument in Shrewton, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2314 / 51°13'53"N

Longitude: -1.843 / 1°50'34"W

OS Eastings: 411059.148906

OS Northings: 148035.848238

OS Grid: SU110480

Mapcode National: GBR 3XX.NW5

Mapcode Global: VHB54.09KV

Entry Name: Enclosure and associated bowl barrow west of Wexland Hanging

Scheduled Date: 12 February 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009533

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10126

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Shrewton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Netheravon All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

A nearly circular enclosure considered to be a prehistoric settlement, but
possibly a henge, and an associated bowl barrow. The monument includes:-
1 - A sub-circular enclosure defined by a wide bank. Little is visible on the
ground, but the site is clearly defined on air photographs and has an overall
diameter of c.140m.
2 - A bowl barrow, now rather spread and flattened, with an overall diameter
of c.31m. Slight traces of a possible ditch are visible.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland
archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury
Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain
Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant
archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of
special significance because they differ in character from those in
other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on
Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the
evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

Enclosures provide important evidence of land use and agricultural
practices in the prehistoric/Romano-British period. The enclosures in
the Salisbury Plain Training Area belong to one of the most important
and best preserved fossil landscapes in southern Britain. The presence
of these remains and their relationship with extensive field systems
and settlement complexes, are of critical importance to understanding
the character and development of Downland agriculture.

Some 470 round barrows, funerary monuments dating to the late Neolithic
and early Bronze Age, are known to have existed in the Salisbury Plain
Training Area, many grouped together as cemeteries. The total includes
some 70 barrows of rare types. Such is the quality of the survival of
the archaeological landscape, over 300 of these barrows have been
identified as nationally important.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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