Ancient Monuments

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The Island: a moated site 500m south-east of Flanders Green

A Scheduled Monument in Cottered, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 51.938 / 51°56'16"N

Longitude: -0.0668 / 0°4'0"W

OS Eastings: 532988.702881

OS Northings: 228380.550707

OS Grid: TL329283

Mapcode National: GBR K90.FXX

Mapcode Global: VHGNW.SKJ4

Entry Name: The Island: a moated site 500m south-east of Flanders Green

Scheduled Date: 7 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009454

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20651

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Cottered

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Cottered with Broadfield

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans


The monument includes a moated site at Flanders Green, situated on a west
facing slope about 3.5km east of the River Beane. The monument survives as a
rectangular waterfilled moat enclosing an island which measures 20m
north-south by 27m east-west. The moat arms are 5m to 7m in width and there
is a slight bulge in the south-eastern corner of the moat forming a pond.
There is at present no access to the island.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The Island moated site is a well preserved example of a small homestead moat.
It is essentially undisturbed and retains potential for the recovery of
organic remains in the waterlogged ditches, and archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument, the landscape in which it was
constructed and the economy of its inhabitants.

Source: Historic England


SMR No: 1136, Information from SMR (1136),

Source: Historic England

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