Ancient Monuments

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Mill Mound: a bowl barrow 380m east of Payne's Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Virley, Essex

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Latitude: 51.7959 / 51°47'45"N

Longitude: 0.8246 / 0°49'28"E

OS Eastings: 594876.868601

OS Northings: 214583.930602

OS Grid: TL948145

Mapcode National: GBR RMW.C9Q

Mapcode Global: VHKGJ.74T2

Entry Name: Mill Mound: a bowl barrow 380m east of Payne's Farm

Scheduled Date: 21 June 1976

Last Amended: 7 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009450

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20646

County: Essex

Civil Parish: Virley

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Salcott Virley St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated close to the Essex coast, about
700m north-west of Salcott Creek. It survives as a hemispherical earth mound
which measures 30m in diameter and c.2m in height. It is surrounded by a
shallow ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. This has become partly infilled over the years but survives as a
slight earthwork 3m wide and c.0.4m deep. The ditch has a causeway 5m wide on
the eastern side.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The barrow 380m east of Payne's Farm is an example of a rare form of bowl
barrow with a causeway across its surrounding ditch. The monument is well
preserved and therefore contains archaeological information and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was

Source: Historic England


11491, Information from SMR (11491),

Source: Historic England

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