Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow in Conyfield Wood, 570m NNE of Messing Park Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Messing-cum-Inworth, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8307 / 51°49'50"N

Longitude: 0.7511 / 0°45'3"E

OS Eastings: 589659.264893

OS Northings: 218249.888829

OS Grid: TL896182

Mapcode National: GBR RMD.4PW

Mapcode Global: VHKG8.Y7XY

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Conyfield Wood, 570m NNE of Messing Park Farm

Scheduled Date: 28 April 1959

Last Amended: 4 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009447

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20644

County: Essex

Civil Parish: Messing-cum-Inworth

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Messing All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated in Conyfield Wood, on the
floodplain of the River Blackwater. The hemispherical earth mound measures
21m in diameter and c.1.7m in height. Also identifiable at ground level is a
3m wide ditch surrounding the mound from which material was quarried during
the construction of the monument. This has become partly infilled over the
years but survives to a depth of c.0.3m on all but the north side, where it
has been cut through by a modern drain which runs alongside a footpath.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite some disturbance by digging, animal burrowing and scrub growth, the
bowl barrow in Conyfield Wood survives comparatively well and contains
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and
the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Information from SMR,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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