Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 500m south west of Hill Farm, Lidstone

A Scheduled Monument in Enstone, Oxfordshire

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Latitude: 51.9148 / 51°54'53"N

Longitude: -1.4881 / 1°29'17"W

OS Eastings: 435302.596317

OS Northings: 224156.774928

OS Grid: SP353241

Mapcode National: GBR 6T1.W0R

Mapcode Global: VHBZH.544F

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 500m south west of Hill Farm, Lidstone

Scheduled Date: 22 March 1949

Last Amended: 15 November 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009430

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21842

County: Oxfordshire

Civil Parish: Enstone

Traditional County: Oxfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Oxfordshire

Church of England Parish: Enstone

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow 500m south west of Hill Farm,
Lidstone. It forms the northern end of a line of three barrows located on a
ridge running from south west to north east, between the villages of Spelsbury
and Lidstone.
The barrow mound, much of which has been reduced by cultivation, is 32m across
and stands up to 0.6m high. The barrow lies on a field boundary which divides
the mound to the east and west. The western half is visible as a spread of
stones in the plough soil up to 0.4m high. The eastern half has been levelled
but its base will survive below the modern ploughsoil. Surrounding the mound
is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction.
This has become infilled over the years and is no longer visible at ground
level but will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.
The barrow summit is the location of an Ordnance Survey trig point which is
now hidden in the hedgeline.
Excluded from the scheduling is the boundary fence running north to south
across the centre of the mound, although the land beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow 500m south west of Hill Farm forms one of a group of three
similar monuments which run along the ridge between the present day villages
of Spelsbury and Lidstone. It does not appear to have been disturbed by
excavation and despite reduction by cultivation, it will contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction of the
monument and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Oxfordshire: Volume I, (1939), 346
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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