Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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A bowl barrow on Whiteleaf Hill, 200m north of Whiteleaf Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Princes Risborough, Buckinghamshire

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Latitude: 51.7306 / 51°43'50"N

Longitude: -0.8116 / 0°48'41"W

OS Eastings: 482171.684775

OS Northings: 204208.436714

OS Grid: SP821042

Mapcode National: GBR D3W.KM0

Mapcode Global: VHDVJ.WR9Q

Entry Name: A bowl barrow on Whiteleaf Hill, 200m north of Whiteleaf Cross

Scheduled Date: 12 November 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009354

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19047

County: Buckinghamshire

Civil Parish: Princes Risborough

Built-Up Area: Princes Risborough

Traditional County: Buckinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Buckinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Monks Risborough

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the northern tip of Whiteleaf
Hill. The barrow mound is of consolidated chalk rubble construction, has a
diameter of 14m and stands to a height of 1m. There are no surface
indications of the surrounding ditch, from which the material for
the mound would have been quarried. This has become infilled over the years
and is believed to survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The barrow 200m north of Whiteleaf Cross appears intact and undisturbed and as
such is a good example of its class. The close proximity of other
contemporary burial monuments gives an indication of the intensity with which
this area was inhabited during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

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