Ancient Monuments

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Castle Hill fortified manor

A Scheduled Monument in Kirkby Cross & Portland, Nottinghamshire

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Latitude: 53.0969 / 53°5'48"N

Longitude: -1.2692 / 1°16'9"W

OS Eastings: 449033.219659

OS Northings: 355772.847254

OS Grid: SK490557

Mapcode National: GBR 7DB.XLG

Mapcode Global: WHDG4.GFV5

Entry Name: Castle Hill fortified manor

Scheduled Date: 13 April 1955

Last Amended: 3 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009298

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13397

County: Nottinghamshire

Electoral Ward/Division: Kirkby Cross & Portland

Built-Up Area: Kirkby-in-Ashfield

Traditional County: Nottinghamshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Nottinghamshire

Church of England Parish: Kirkby-in-Ashfield St Wilfrid

Church of England Diocese: Southwell and Nottingham


The monument includes the remains of a fourteenth century fortified manor
house which records suggest was built either by Robert de Stuteville or John
Darcy. It includes a levelled rectangular platform situated south of the
parish church of St Wilfred and measures 60m from north to south by 50m east
to west.
The platform is steeply scarped on the east side where it drops from c.7m high
at the north end to c.4m high at the south end. Here the scarp turns in a
right-angle westward and extends along the south side of the platform for
c.10m before levelling out. At the south-west corner there is a sub-circular
mound with a diameter of 16m from north to south by 13m from east to west. It
is flat-topped and stands 2.5m high and represents the remains of a tower
built into the perimeter wall of the manor. The base of this wall can be seen
extending northwards from the mound as a low bank along the west side of the
platform. It would also have extended along the north side, where it has been
replaced by the existing wall of the churchyard, and along the east side where
it surmounted the edge of the scarp. It is not yet clear whether it extended
beyond the end of the scarp on the south side since this area has been
disturbed by ploughing. Another possibility is that the gate into the
fortified manor stood next to the tower on this side. The entire wall would
have been crenellated which is the reason why the monument is inaccurately
termed a castle. It is not yet known when the site was abandoned but it was
still in use in 1466 when it passed by marriage from the Darcy family to the

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Fortified manors are the residences of the lesser nobility and the richer
burgesses and date from the late twelfth century and throughout the rest of
the Middle Ages. Generally they comprise a hall and residential wing,
domestic ranges, and fortifications such as a moat or,crenellated wall or
Although the fortified manor at Castle Hill has been robbed of its stone and
partially disturbed by ploughing, the remains are nevertheless reasonably well
preserved. In addition to the tower and perimeter wall, the buried remains of
fourteenth and fifteenth century domestic and ancillary buildings will be
retained on the platform.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Nottinghamshire: Volume I, (1906), 303
'Transactions of the Thoroton Society' in Transactions of the Thoroton Society: Volume 1, 1897, , Vol. 1, (1897), 72-3

Source: Historic England

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