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Sanduck Cross: a wayside cross on the north side of a minor road 45m south west of Sanduck Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Lustleigh, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6391 / 50°38'20"N

Longitude: -3.7433 / 3°44'35"W

OS Eastings: 276820.196326

OS Northings: 83609.323273

OS Grid: SX768836

Mapcode National: GBR QH.T41R

Mapcode Global: FRA 371D.3GD

Entry Name: Sanduck Cross: a wayside cross on the north side of a minor road 45m south west of Sanduck Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 February 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009182

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24834

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Lustleigh

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Lustleigh

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a well preserved late medieval wayside cross of
moderately coarse-grained granite, set in a modern granite socket stone. The
monument is sited under an old oak tree on the sloping verge of a minor road
running between Lustleigh and North Bovey, on the west side of Sanduck Farm.
It was found in the ruins of Sanduck Farm (since rebuilt) following a fire in
1901. It is also a Listed Building Grade II.
All the edges of the shaft, head and arms have a chamfer 70mm-80mm wide. The
arms are aligned approximately south west-north east. The north eastern arm
is a modern replacement, well executed with a barely visible cement bond. The
cross, which is set about 4m from the edge of the road, leans slightly to the
south west, possibly as a result of disturbance by tree roots.
The shaft, including the head of the cross, is 1.26m high. The shaft is
widest at its base being 0.3m wide on the south east side, and tapers slightly
under the arms where it is a maximum of 0.25m wide. The chamfer is stopped at
the base of the shaft - the stop rises 0.15m up the shaft from the base.
The width across the arms of the cross is 0.46m. Both arms extend 0.11m from
the shaft and are very slightly splayed, with a maximum external depth of
0.225m.
The head of the cross has a flat top and extends 0.14m above the arms. Against
the arms the head has a width of 0.24m which splays slightly to the top where
it is 0.26m.
The south west and north east sides of the socket stone measure 1.08m, and
the stone is 0.23m deep.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the
medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to
serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith
amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside
crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and
otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes
linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious
function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners
and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on
pilgrimages.
Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west
England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type
of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively
few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to
remote moorland locations.
Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross,
in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an
unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and
decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces
of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or
incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was
sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear
decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the
`Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both
faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the
North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed
base or show no evidence for a separate base at all.
Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval
religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval
routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth-
fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from
their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Although not in situ, Sanduck Cross is a fine example of a relatively late
medieval wayside cross, probably dating to the 15th century, well sited and
well restored.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Crossing, W, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Dartmoor, (1902), 160

Source: Historic England

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