Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 90m east of Twist Castle

A Scheduled Monument in Briercliffe, Lancashire

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Latitude: 53.7997 / 53°47'58"N

Longitude: -2.1688 / 2°10'7"W

OS Eastings: 388979.974333

OS Northings: 433718.355583

OS Grid: SD889337

Mapcode National: GBR FS9H.8N

Mapcode Global: WHB7Y.NRGH

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 90m east of Twist Castle

Scheduled Date: 12 November 1928

Last Amended: 1 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009113

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23724

County: Lancashire

Civil Parish: Briercliffe

Traditional County: Lancashire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lancashire


The monument includes a bowl barrow located on Twist Hill 90m east of Twist
Castle and immediately to the west of Twist Reservoir. It includes a circular
earth and stone mound 13.7m in diameter and up to 0.3m high. Limited
antiquarian investigation of the barrow's centre in 1889 located an intact
ceramic food vessel.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow's centre and more
recent unrecorded disturbance to the monument's surface, the bowl barrow 90m
east of Twist Castle survives reasonably well. This investigation located
Bronze Age pottery, and further evidence of grave goods and interments will
exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface beneath.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnes, B, Man and the changing landscape, (1982), 100-1
'Trans Lancs & Chesh Antiq Soc' in Proceedings-Stone Circles and Ancient Relicts at Extwistle, , Vol. II, (1893), 189
Darvill, T, MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows, (1989)
SMR No. 239, Lancs SMR, Twist Hill, (1993)
SMR No. 249, Lancs SMR, Twist Castle, Briercliffe, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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