Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows on Stand Low

A Scheduled Monument in Kniveton, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.0545 / 53°3'16"N

Longitude: -1.6832 / 1°40'59"W

OS Eastings: 421328.721632

OS Northings: 350854.952841

OS Grid: SK213508

Mapcode National: GBR 59Q.F8B

Mapcode Global: WHCF0.3HQ5

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows on Stand Low

Scheduled Date: 9 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009025

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13338

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Kniveton

Built-Up Area: Kniveton

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Kniveton St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The two bowl barrows on Stand Low are situated c.20m apart on a ridge in the
southern fringes of the limestone plateau of Derbyshire. The monument includes
both barrows within a single constraint area.
The larger, north-western barrow is a sub-circular cairn measuring 16m by
13.5m by c.1m high while the smaller, south-eastern barrow is roughly circular
and measures 10.5m by 9.5m by c.1m high. Both barrows are situated next to a
quarry which contains the entrance to a lead rake. The land on which the
barrows are situated is `King's Field'; that is, an area in which the right to
mine lead is exclusively that of the Crown. The two barrows are joined by a
linear earthwork, included in the scheduling, which measures c.10m wide and
stands c.0.6m high. This earthwork is not yet fully understood, though one
interpretation is that it is part of a boundary bank demarcating the northern
limit of the `King's Field'. During a partial excavation of one of the barrows
by Lucas and Carrington in 1869 a number of finds were made which date the
barrow to the Bronze Age. These include a pottery urn, an amber ring, a
perforated stone axe and a bronze 3-rivetted dagger with an ivory pommel.
Cropmarks also indicate the probable location of Anglian secondary burials
dating to c.AD700. Excluded from the scheduling is the field wall crossing the
eastern edge of the monument but the ground underneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although one of the two bowl barrows on Stand Low has been partially disturbed
by excavation, the monument is still very well preserved and contains
significant archaeological remains, both inside the mounds and also between
them where the later earth bank will have preserved the edges of the barrows
and any deposits linking the two.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977), 67

Source: Historic England

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