Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round cairn, 100m ENE of Dunns Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Rochester, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.2388 / 55°14'19"N

Longitude: -2.2151 / 2°12'54"W

OS Eastings: 386417.150752

OS Northings: 593865.5406

OS Grid: NY864938

Mapcode National: GBR D7ZV.7V

Mapcode Global: WHB0Y.YLB6

Entry Name: Round cairn, 100m ENE of Dunns Cottage

Scheduled Date: 28 October 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008995

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25083

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Rochester

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Otterburn St John the Evangelist

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes the remains of a round cairn of Bronze Age date,
situated on raised ground with extensive views across the valley of the River
Rede. The cairn, of earth and stone, measures 20m in diameter and stands to a
maximum height of 0.5m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite the fact that its upper part has been robbed of stone, the round cairn
100m ENE of Dunns Cottage survives reasonably well and retains significant
archaeological deposits. It will contribute to our knowledge and understanding
of Bronze Age settlement and activity in the area.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
MacLaughlan, H, Memoir on a Survey of the Watling Street, (1852)
Ny 89 SE 09,

Source: Historic England

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