Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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One of three bowl barrows on Upwaltham Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Upwaltham, West Sussex

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Latitude: 50.905 / 50°54'17"N

Longitude: -0.6543 / 0°39'15"W

OS Eastings: 494719.516168

OS Northings: 112581.977442

OS Grid: SU947125

Mapcode National: GBR FHH.3F3

Mapcode Global: FRA 96JQ.0YG

Entry Name: One of three bowl barrows on Upwaltham Hill

Scheduled Date: 27 January 1967

Last Amended: 22 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008875

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20103

County: West Sussex

Civil Parish: Upwaltham

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Sussex

Church of England Parish: Slindon St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Chichester


The monument includes one of three bowl barrows situated on the south-facing
slope of a rise in chalk downland. The barrow comprises a central mound, 15m
in diameter and 0.6m high, surrounded by a ditch from which material was
quarried during the construction of the monument. The ditch is no longer
visible from ground level, as it has become infilled over the years, but
survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The bowl barrow on Upwaltham Hill survives comparatively well and
contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows, , Vol. 75, (1934), 248

Source: Historic England

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