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Cairnfield and three round barrows 800m south west of Fangdale Beck

A Scheduled Monument in Hawnby, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.3381 / 54°20'17"N

Longitude: -1.1339 / 1°8'1"W

OS Eastings: 456411.031836

OS Northings: 493958.047001

OS Grid: SE564939

Mapcode National: GBR NLJ8.9P

Mapcode Global: WHD86.K786

Entry Name: Cairnfield and three round barrows 800m south west of Fangdale Beck

Scheduled Date: 4 November 1963

Last Amended: 10 May 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008853

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25521

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Hawnby

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Upper Ryedale

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a cairnfield and three round barrows clustered in a
prominent position on the eastern side of Wetherhouse Moor overlooking
Bilsdale. The barrows are grouped together at the north of the monument. The
northern barrow has a well defined flat topped earth and stone mound standing
0.5m high. It is round in shape and is 9m in diameter. This mound has been dug
into in the past leaving a slight hollow. The southern barrow lies 20m to the
south and has a large well defined flat topped mound standing 0.7m high. It is
round in shape and is 10m in diameter. The third barrow lies 30m to the east.
It has an earth and stone mound 1m high. It is round in shape and 8m in
diameter. Each of these mounds was encircled by a ditch up to 3m wide which
has been filled-in over the years and is no longer visible as an earthwork.
The cairnfield comprises approximately 15 clearance cairns ranging from 3m to
7m in diameter. They lie in groups at the western and eastern ends of the
monument with three isolated cairns lying in the central area. The cairns are
stone built and either round or elongated in shape standing c.0.5m high.
There are many similar examples of groups of barrows and field systems on
this area of the Hambleton Hills. They provide evidence of territorial
organisation marking divisions of land, divisions which still remain as some
parish or township boundaries.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one
another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone
cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture,
and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots.
However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without
excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials.
Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC),
although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance
which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze
Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size,
content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the
development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the
prehistoric period.

Round barrows are funerary monuments of the Late Bronze Age constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, which covered single or multiple burials. Despite
limited disturbance these barrows have survived well. Significant information
about the original form, burials placed within them and evidence of earlier
land use beneath the mounds will be preserved. Although in an isolated
position, this monument is associated with other cairnfields and groups of
barrows on the Hambleton Hills. Similar groups of monuments are also known
across the northern and central areas of the North York Moors. The close
association of the cairnfield and round barrows provides important insight
into burial practice, agricultural development and social and territorial
organisation during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 109-115
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 109-120
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993), 109-120

Source: Historic England

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