Ancient Monuments

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Brushfield Hough bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Brushfield, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2353 / 53°14'6"N

Longitude: -1.7499 / 1°44'59"W

OS Eastings: 416789.553833

OS Northings: 370943.553302

OS Grid: SK167709

Mapcode National: GBR 465.2F2

Mapcode Global: WHCD0.2YZ4

Entry Name: Brushfield Hough bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 4 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008814

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13383

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Brushfield

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Longstone St Giles

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

Brushfield Hough bowl barrow is situated on the limestone plateau of
Derbyshire above the junction of Monsal Dale, Taddington Dale and Wye Dale.
The monument includes a sub-circular cairn measuring 15m by l3m and standing
c.1.5m high. It has a prominent location, on a flat-topped promontory above a
steep natural scarp, looking south-east across the confluence of the three
dales. It also overlooks Fin Cop bowl barrow which lies due east on the
opposite side of Monsal Dale. Together, the two barrows flank the mouth of
the dale. There is no recorded excavation of the site which appears to have
suffered only very slight disturbance. The location and appearance of the
barrow, and its proximity to others of the period, date it to the Bronze Age.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Brushfield Hough bowl barrow is a well-preserved example and a rare survival,
in the Peak District, of an undisturbed barrow in which intact archaeological
remains will survive throughout.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)

Source: Historic England

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