Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows east of Hay Dale

A Scheduled Monument in Little Longstone, Derbyshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2526 / 53°15'9"N

Longitude: -1.7291 / 1°43'44"W

OS Eastings: 418167.679358

OS Northings: 372876.240304

OS Grid: SK181728

Mapcode National: GBR JZCT.FR

Mapcode Global: WHCD0.DHTV

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows east of Hay Dale

Scheduled Date: 4 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008811

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13382

County: Derbyshire

Civil Parish: Little Longstone

Traditional County: Derbyshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Derbyshire

Church of England Parish: Longstone St Giles

Church of England Diocese: Derby

Details

The monument is situated overlooking Hay Dale on the limestone plateau of
Derbyshire. It comprises a single area containing two bowl barrows located
c.10m apart and the area between the barrows in which archaeological remains
preserving their relationship will survive. The smaller eastern barrow is
roughly circular, has a diameter of c.10m and survives to a height of c.0.5m.
It has been ploughed down in the past and would originally have stood somewhat
higher. The eastern half of the adjacent barrow has also been levelled by
ploughing though it is still clearly visible beneath the drystone wall which
crosses the barrow from north to south. The western half of this barrow has
been slightly disturbed by stone-robbing but is otherwise intact and stands to
a height of c.1m. It measures 14m from north to south and roughly half that
measurement from east to west, indicating that it too was roughly circular but
somewhat larger than the barrow to the east. No recorded excavation of either
barrow has been carried out but their appearance and proximity to other
barrows of the period indicate both to be of Bronze Age date. The wall
crossing the monument is excluded from the scheduling though the ground
underneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although the two bowl barrows east of Hay Dale have been disturbed by
ploughing both are reasonably well-preserved and retain significant areas of
intact archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)

Source: Historic England

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