Ancient Monuments

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Three bowl barrows 850m east of Park Wood Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Didmarton, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6058 / 51°36'20"N

Longitude: -2.259 / 2°15'32"W

OS Eastings: 382159.600599

OS Northings: 189689.296878

OS Grid: ST821896

Mapcode National: GBR 0MX.CP9

Mapcode Global: VH95H.SWMX

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 850m east of Park Wood Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 January 1949

Last Amended: 27 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008797

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22898

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Didmarton

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Alderley St Kenelm

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes three bowl barrows aligned from south west to north
east, situated on gently sloping ground overlooking dry valleys to the south
and east, in an area of the Cotswold Hills.
The north eastern barrow has a mound 12m across and c.0.25m high. The barrow
mound is now partially overlain by a metalled surface.
The central barrow is 30m across and c.1.8m high, while the south western
barrow is 12m across and c.0.2m high.
All three mounds are surrounded by ditches from which material was quarried
during their construction. These have become infilled over the years, but are
known from aerial photographs to survive as buried features, c.2m wide in the
case of the two smaller barrows, and c.6m wide in the case of the larger
central mound.
The metalled surface overlying the north eastern barrow is excluded from the
scheduling although the underlying ground is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The three bowl barrows 850m east of Park Wood Farm survive comparatively well
and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which they were constructed. These barrows are
unusual in that they do not appear to have been disturbed by partial
excavation.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Fowler, P J, Archaeology and the Landscape, (1972), 147
Other
Dimensions of ditch from AP evidence,
Report of name of field by Vlasto,
Report of name of the field by Vlasto,

Source: Historic England

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