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Motte castle 200m south east of Lasborough

A Scheduled Monument in Westonbirt with Lasborough, Gloucestershire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.6456 / 51°38'44"N

Longitude: -2.2559 / 2°15'21"W

OS Eastings: 382391.083746

OS Northings: 194119.147842

OS Grid: ST823941

Mapcode National: GBR 1NP.SL2

Mapcode Global: VH959.VW8V

Entry Name: Motte castle 200m south east of Lasborough

Scheduled Date: 19 January 1949

Last Amended: 11 May 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008793

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22894

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Westonbirt with Lasborough

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: Westonbirt with Lasborough

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester

Details

The monument includes a motte castle situated on gently sloping ground with
good views over the surrounding area, 200m south east of Lasborough, in an
area of the Cotswold Hills.
The motte, which has a mound composed of small stones, has a maximum diameter
of 45m and a maximum height of c.2m. The mound has a flat top and now contains
a large central cavity or quarry with an open face on the north eastern side
of the mound. The quarry has internal dimensions of 15m by 20m and although 2m
deep, it has not disturbed the original ground level below the mound. There
has been some reduction of the mound by ploughing and it extends as a lower
earthwork for 16m to the west and 6m to the east, of the highest part of the
mound.
The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years, but
survives as a buried feature c.5m wide.
There is no sign of an associated bailey or enclosure.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Motte castles are medieval fortifications introduced into Britain by the
Normans. They comprised a large conical mound of earth or rubble, the motte,
surmounted by a palisade and a stone or timber tower. In a majority of
examples an embanked enclosure containing additional buildings, the bailey,
adjoined the motte. Motte castles and motte-and-bai1ey castles acted as
garrison forts during offensive military operations, as strongholds, and, in
many cases, as aristocratic residences and as centres of local or royal
administration. Built in towns, villages and open countryside, motte castles
generally occupied strategic positions dominating their immediate locality
and, as a result, are the most visually impressive monuments of the early
post-Conquest period surviving in the modern landscape. Over 600 motte castles
and motte-and-bailey castles are recorded nationally, with examples known from
most regions. Some 100-150 examples do not have baileys and are classified as
motte castles. As one of a restricted range of recognised early post-Conquest
monuments, they are particularly important for the study of Norman Britain and
the development of the feudal system. Although many were occupied for only a
short period of time, motte castles continued to be built and occupied from
the 11th to the 13th centuries, after which they were superseded by other
types of castle.

Despite some disturbance to the central part of the mound through quarrying,
the motte 200m south east of Lasborough survives well and will contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the
landscape in which it was constructed. This is one of two motte castles within
1km of each other, situated either side of Hoy Bottom.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Mention of AP cropmarks to east,
Mention quarry,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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