Ancient Monuments

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Two round barrows 600m north-west of High Gardham Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Cherry Burton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.8535 / 53°51'12"N

Longitude: -0.571 / 0°34'15"W

OS Eastings: 494096.726727

OS Northings: 440637.592764

OS Grid: SE940406

Mapcode National: GBR SRGW.5D

Mapcode Global: WHGF2.6DCQ

Entry Name: Two round barrows 600m north-west of High Gardham Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 September 1962

Last Amended: 13 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008785

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21229

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Cherry Burton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Cherry Burton St Michael

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes two Bronze Age bowl barrows, orientated east-west, part
of a wider group in this area of the Yorkshire Wolds. The western barrow mound
is 0.35m high and 40m in diameter; the eastern mound is 0.12m high and 20m in
diameter. Although no longer visible at ground level each barrow mound is
surrounded by a ditch from which material was excavated during its
construction. The ditches have become in-filled over the years but survive as
buried features 4m wide.
Canon Greenwell, the 19th century antiquarian, investigated the western barrow
in 1866. He found the cremated remains of an adult in a slight hollow beneath
the mound. The western barrow appears not to have been excavated.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited plough damage and partial excavation these barrows remain
visible and survive reasonably well. They will retain significant information
on the original form and manner and duration of their usage. They will also
contribute to an understanding of the wider group of which they are members.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Greenwell, W , British Barrows, (1877), 280-281
Greenwell, W, Catalogue of...the Greenwell Collection, (1985), 60
Other
737, Humberside SMR,

Source: Historic England

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