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Porter's Hall moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Stebbing, Essex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.8862 / 51°53'10"N

Longitude: 0.4365 / 0°26'11"E

OS Eastings: 567778.571397

OS Northings: 223652.12148

OS Grid: TL677236

Mapcode National: GBR NG7.P65

Mapcode Global: VHJJ8.JV3F

Entry Name: Porter's Hall moated site

Scheduled Date: 26 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008701

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20691

County: Essex

Civil Parish: Stebbing

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Stebbing St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford

Details

The monument includes a moated site situated at Porter's Hall on a hill top
overlooking and 1.25km south-east of Stebbing Brook. It includes a
rectangular moated area which measures 110m NW-SE by 65m NE-SW. The arms are
between 12m and 6m in width and are water-filled, except to the south-west
where they have recently dried out. The eastern corner has an irregular
extension which measures 30m NE-SW by 20m NW-SE. The southern corner has also
been extended along the same line as the south-western arm for a further 32m.
Along the southern edge of this arm is a slight bank, 3.5m in width and about
0.4m high which is considered to have been used as a garden terrace. An
outlet channel leads from the southern corner of the moat to the road. The
island is undulating, particularly to the north-west where the foundations of
the original house are located. A small section of the original house, which
dates to the 15th or 16th century, survives as the northern-most part of the
present day outhouses (Listed Grade II). The present Porter's Hall is dated
to the 16th century and is Listed Grade 11*. Access to the island is across a
modern brick-built bridge on the north-eastern arm which replaced a
wooden drawbridge. This section of the arm was infilled during the
construction of the brick bridge. A small wooden footbridge crosses the
south-western arm.
Porter's Hall moated site is considered to be associated with the family of
Henry Le Portir in 1284.
The house, outbuildings, bridges, driveway and waterpipe are all excluded from
the scheduling but the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Porter's Hall remains largely undisturbed and will retain
archaeological information relating to the occupation and development
of the site. The waterfilled ditches will retain environmental evidence
pertaining to the economy of the site and the contemporary landscape in which
it is situated.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
070250, Information from SMR,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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