Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 80m north of Arch Hollow

A Scheduled Monument in Swell, Gloucestershire

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Latitude: 51.9314 / 51°55'53"N

Longitude: -1.76 / 1°45'35"W

OS Eastings: 416600.865735

OS Northings: 225907.868142

OS Grid: SP166259

Mapcode National: GBR 4PT.ZT1

Mapcode Global: VHB1P.FQY7

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 80m north of Arch Hollow

Scheduled Date: 7 May 1948

Last Amended: 8 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008621

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22882

County: Gloucestershire

Civil Parish: Swell

Traditional County: Gloucestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Gloucestershire

Church of England Parish: The Swells

Church of England Diocese: Gloucester


The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned north-south and situated on
gently sloping ground just below the crest of a ridge in the Cotswold Hills.
The northern bowl barrow, known as the Tump, has a mound composed of small
stones with a maximum diameter of 25m and c.1.5m high. The southern bowl
barrow has a mound composed of small stones with a maximum diameter of 15m and
is c.0.5m high. Both mounds are surrounded by ditches from which material was
quarried during their construction. These have become infilled over the years,
but survive as buried features c.2m wide.
These two bowl barrows form part of a wider group of similar monuments which
occur locally.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The two bowl barrows 80m north of Arch Hollow survive well and will contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the
landscape in which they were constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, (1960), 133
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, (1960), 133

Source: Historic England

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