Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Crigdon Hill round cairn

A Scheduled Monument in Alwinton, Northumberland

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Latitude: 55.3421 / 55°20'31"N

Longitude: -2.2199 / 2°13'11"W

OS Eastings: 386149.090248

OS Northings: 605357.803366

OS Grid: NT861053

Mapcode National: GBR D6YN.6V

Mapcode Global: WHB0C.WZ2L

Entry Name: Crigdon Hill round cairn

Scheduled Date: 12 April 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008567

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25068

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Alwinton

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Upper Coquetdale

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle


The monument includes the remains of a substantial round cairn of prehistoric
date situated on a scarp edge on the northern side of Crigdon Hill. The cairn,
composed of large stones and earth measures 15m east-west by 10m north-south
and stands to a maximum height of 2m. The stones at the centre of the cairn
have been re-arranged to form a hollow measuring 3.5m by 2.5m to provide

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Despite some damage to its centre the round cairn on Crigdon Hill survives
well and retains significant archaeological deposits. Evidence of the manner
of construction, and the nature and duration of its use will be preserved
within and beneath the mound.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Charlton, D B, Day, J C, An Archaeological Survey of the MOD Training Area, Otterburn, (1977)

Source: Historic England

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