Ancient Monuments

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Two round barrows east of Wild Middle Gill

A Scheduled Monument in Kepwick, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3206 / 54°19'14"N

Longitude: -1.2293 / 1°13'45"W

OS Eastings: 450229.932315

OS Northings: 491940.947438

OS Grid: SE502919

Mapcode National: GBR MLVG.NY

Mapcode Global: WHD85.2NXM

Entry Name: Two round barrows east of Wild Middle Gill

Scheduled Date: 1 November 1967

Last Amended: 11 April 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008514

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24440

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Kepwick

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Upper Ryedale

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes two adjacent round barrows on the southern edge of Arden
Great Moor overlooking Thorodale. Many other similar monuments are found on
Arden Moor.
The monument includes a well defined earth and stone mound 15m in diameter
with a smaller mound 12m in diameter touching it to the north-west. The larger
mound is 1.8m high and the smaller one 1m high. There is a single ditch on
each of the sides of the long axis of the conjoined barrows, with a causeway
crossing each centrally. The ditch is a maximum of 4.5m wide and 0.8m at its
deepest. The southern ditch projects beyond the eastern end of the large mound
by 4m. The western end of the southern ditch has been destroyed by a small
quarry. The centre of each mound has been dug into in the past. The soil from
these early excavations is spread around in uneven piles creating an irregular
It is one of many similar monuments on this area of the Hambleton Hills. Many
of these lie in groups, particularly along the watersheds. They provide
evidence of prehistoric territorial organisation, marking divisions of
land; divisions which still remain as some parish or township boundaries.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited disturbance both these barrows have survived well. Significant
information about the original form, burials placed within them and evidence
of earlier land use beneath the mounds will be preserved.
Together with adjacent round barrows this monument is thought to mark a
prehistoric boundary in this area. Similar groups of monuments are also known
across the north and central areas of the North York Moors providing important
insights into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments also offer
important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and
agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993)
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. BAR 104, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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