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Ring cairn and two round cairns on Hoare Edge, 550m south east of Nine Springs Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Hopton Wafers, Shropshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.3879 / 52°23'16"N

Longitude: -2.5946 / 2°35'40"W

OS Eastings: 359630.064134

OS Northings: 276818.372075

OS Grid: SO596768

Mapcode National: GBR BQ.QRY1

Mapcode Global: VH845.Z76S

Entry Name: Ring cairn and two round cairns on Hoare Edge, 550m south east of Nine Springs Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008387

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19133

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Hopton Wafers

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Doddington

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Details

The monument was first recorded by C Hartshorne in 1837-8, who described it
as, 'four remarkable carnedds and the base of a fifth on Hoare Edge'. Two
stone rings and a string of amber beads believed to have been found in a
barrow on Hoare Edge were exhibited by the Rev Henry Brown to the Cambrian
Archaeological Association in 1851. Today a ring cairn and two round cairns
are clearly visible on Hoare Edge, situated above the western scarp of the
spur.
The ring cairn is well defined and lies set a short way back from the scarp
edge on the level summit of the spur to the south of the two round cairns. It
is a circular enclosure 22m in diameter, ringed by an outer bank of turf
covered stone 3m wide and 0.8m high, rising to a 4m wide swathe of exposed
angular dolorite blocks. It remains intact around all sides except the east,
where it is interrupted for a length of 6m, probably as a result of past
exploration. Immediately inside this break is a setting of turf-fast stones
arranged in an oval 2m long by 1.5m wide. Though slight it may represent the
kerb stone remains of a chamber or cist. Built into the fabric of the ring in
the south quarter is a small enclosure, 2m long by 1.2m wide, with walls up to
0.8m high, it has a 1m wide gap in the wall on its south side from which two
parallel lines of stone curve out to form an entrance passage. Immediately to
the south and east of this feature, adjacent to the outer bank of the ring
cairn is a roughly circular mound of turfed covered stone 5m in diameter and
up to 0.4m high with a rough horseshoe of stone 2.5m wide at its widest point
alongside it. These features appear to be spoil from an exploration of the
ring cairn and are regarded as an integral part of the monument. The interior
of the ring cairn is level and free of any surface stone or visible structure.
Although there is no surface evidence to suggest the existence of a
surrounding ditch, from which material for the construction of the mound would
have been quarried, it is thought that one will survive as a buried feature
with an estimated width of 2m.
Situated 50m to the north of the ring cairn, in a false crest position on
the edge of the scarp, are two round cairns. The northern and largest of the
two is visible as a substantial and well defined stony mound 16.4m in
diameter, varying between 2m high on its downslope, west side, and 1.4m on its
uphill, east, side. The centre of the cairn has been disturbed, perhaps during
the 19th century exploration, creating a circular depression 5m in diameter
and 0.6m deep. The fabric of the cairn exposed by this disturbance shows it to
be constructed of angular blocks of the local dolorite with an average size of
20cm. Adjacent to the cairn on its south side is an artificial arrangement of
stones forming a small oval enclosure 2.3m east to west by 1.7m transversely
and with a central single stone. Some 12m to the south west of the cairn is a
second, smaller round cairn. It is visible as a well defined and apparently
undisturbed turf covered mound 6.5m in diameter and 0.6m high.
Neither of the round cairns show any surface indications of a surrounding
ditch, from which material for their construction would have been quarried. It
is however thought that, in both cases, a ditch will survive as a buried
feature, estimated as 2m wide in the case of the larger northern cairn and 1m
in the case of the smaller.
The close proximity of this group of cairns to each other indicates that
the area was a focus of ritual activity at some time during the Bronze Age.
The area immediately surrounding the cairns and between them is therefore
likely to contain significant evidence of this activity and is accordingly
included in the area of the scheduling. The modern footpath guide post near
the centre of the area is excluded from the scheduling though the ground
beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of
stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may
be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small
uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of
England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground
level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial
photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples.
Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are
interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact
nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has
revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and
pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial
rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the
number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available
evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a
relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form,
all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological
deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

Despite some disturbance the ring cairn on Hoare Edge survives in a good state
of preservation and is a fine example of its class, rare in the county of
Shropshire. Together with the two round cairns, which lie in close proximity
to each other and which are both good examples of their class, it forms part
of a well preserved group of monuments. Each cairn will retain archaeological
deposits, and environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which they
were constructed, sealed beneath their mounds and in the ditch fills. Such a
concentration of sepulchral cairns indicates that this area of high ground was
a focus of ritual activity during the Bronze Age. Considered as a group and in
association with other monuments of a similar age on the nearby Titterstone
Clee Hill, they contribute valuable information relating to the land use,
density of settlement, burial practices and social structure of the
prehistoric community which occupied this area during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Chitty, L F, 'Arch Camb' in Arch Camb, , Vol. LXXXIX, (1934), 110-11
Hartshorne, , 'Salopia Antiqua' in Salopia Antiqua, (1841), 25
Other
Os card no SO57NE10, Bush, F K, Salopia Antiqua, (1968)
OS card no SO57NE10, Bush, FK, (1968)

Source: Historic England

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