Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow in Wellhead Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Salehurst and Robertsbridge, East Sussex

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9813 / 50°58'52"N

Longitude: 0.5022 / 0°30'7"E

OS Eastings: 575738.758492

OS Northings: 123191.736824

OS Grid: TQ757231

Mapcode National: GBR PVP.FS6

Mapcode Global: FRA C6YJ.1H7

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in Wellhead Wood

Scheduled Date: 25 November 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008369

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24387

County: East Sussex

Civil Parish: Salehurst and Robertsbridge

Traditional County: Sussex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Sussex

Church of England Parish: Ewhurst St James the Great

Church of England Diocese: Chichester

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the north east side of a hill
overlooking the River Rother. The central circular mound survives as an
earthwork 13m in diameter and 1.5m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch c.4m
wide from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has
become partially infilled over the years but is clearly visible as a
depression 4m wide and 0.4m deep on the north west side of the mound and
survives as a buried feature elsewhere. An uneven hollow in the centre of the
mound suggests that it has been partially excavated.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow in Wellhead Wood
survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape
in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Jones, G, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in An Early Bronze Age Barrow in Ewhurst Parish, (1980), 367
Jones, G, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in An Early Bronze Age Barrow in Ewhurst Parish, (1980), 368

Source: Historic England

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