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Moated site 100m north of Parkhouse Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Molescroft, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.8642 / 53°51'51"N

Longitude: -0.4657 / 0°27'56"W

OS Eastings: 500993.775865

OS Northings: 441981.938293

OS Grid: TA009419

Mapcode National: GBR TR5R.ZJ

Mapcode Global: WHGF3.T4DF

Entry Name: Moated site 100m north of Parkhouse Farm

Scheduled Date: 14 September 1993

Last Amended: 8 February 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008292

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21174

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Molescroft

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Leconfield St Catherine

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument is a moated site north of Parkhouse Farm, one of a pair of moats
at the farm. It includes a central sub-rectangular raised platform measuring
40m by 35m. This island is surrounded by a heavily silted moat 10m-15m wide
and 1m to 1.5m deep. Access to the island is now afforded by an earthen
causeway across the north-eastern arm of the moat, although this is not
thought to be original.
The moat is thought to have been constructed in the 16th century after Henry
VIII extended the Leconfield Deer Park into the parish, and may be the site of
a brick lodge, 'made for a house of pleasure', which Leland recorded in 1577.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite its overgrown state this moated site survives reasonably well.
Evidence of buildings will survive on the island and artefactual and organic
remains will be preserved in the silted moat.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of the East Riding of Yorkshire, (1979), 128
Le Patourel, H E J, Moated site of Yorkshire, (1973), 114
Loughlin, N, Miller, K, Survey of Archaeological Sites in Humberside, (1979), 26
Toulmin-Smith, L, John Leland's Itinerary, (1964), 46

Source: Historic England

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