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Two adjoining prehistoric house platforms on south-east Roughtor, 960m NNW of Fernacre Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Breward, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5957 / 50°35'44"N

Longitude: -4.6205 / 4°37'13"W

OS Eastings: 214631.203121

OS Northings: 80613.691893

OS Grid: SX146806

Mapcode National: GBR N7.CT43

Mapcode Global: FRA 176H.HR7

Entry Name: Two adjoining prehistoric house platforms on south-east Roughtor, 960m NNW of Fernacre Farm

Scheduled Date: 2 March 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008242

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15228

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Breward

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Breward

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes two small adjoining prehistoric house platforms situated
on the upper south-east slope of Roughtor on north-west Bodmin Moor. The
house platforms adjoin on a north-south axis.
The northern house platform is visible as a small sub-circular, cleared and
levelled internal area measuring 4.1m east-west by 4.2m north-south, defined
along its eastern side by the face of a long natural granite boulder and
around its other sides by a slight wall of rubble, up to 0.9m wide and 0.25m
high, cleared to the edges of the interior. The southern house platform
extends from the southern sector of that rubble wall and is similarly visible
as a sub-circular, cleared and levelled internal area measuring 7m east-west
by 5.5m north-south. The interior is also defined by a slight wall of rubble,
up to 1m wide and 0.25m high, cleared to the edges of the interior and linking
natural ground-fast boulders spaced along the platform's south-west, south-
east and eastern edges.
These house platforms are situated at the south-west edge of a more dispersed
group including at least ten similar house platforms, which extends beyond
this monument for up to 140m north-east along the slope. The walls of a
broadly contemporary Neolithic hilltop enclosure, containing numerous house
platforms, are located 100m north of this monument on the summit of Roughtor,
while extensive Bronze Age and medieval settlement sites and field systems are
situated on the lower slopes of Roughtor, 75m to the south.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes
of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for
human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
field-systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial
remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern
of land use through time.
House platforms are one of several known types of settlement site dating from
the Neolithic to the Romano-British periods (from c.3000 BC to c.AD 400).
Individual house platforms may be dated by excavation or by their association
with other monuments of known date. They consist of levelled stances,
variously circular, ovoid or sub-rectangular in shape, on which rectangular or
circular buildings were constructed. The timber uprights forming the frames of
the buildings have not survived, but excavations have revealed their post-
holes and associated domestic debris. Where they occur in stony areas, rubble
cleared from the platforms may be simply pushed to the edges of each stance or
aggregated to form a rough wall.
House platforms may occur singly or in groups, and in the open or enclosed by
a boulder and rubble wall. House platforms may also form an element contained
within hillforts dating to the Neolithic and Iron Age periods. At least 20
house platforms are known from Bodmin Moor, a figure which is expected to
increase with future recognition and which forms an important sub-group of the
national total.

These house platforms on Roughtor have survived well, without excavation or
any other visible or recorded disturbance. Their proximity to the Neolithic
hilltop enclosure on Roughtor, itself containing numerous house platforms,
provides a rare and valuable insight into the complex nature of settlement in
the earlier prehistoric period. Their presence near Bronze Age and medieval
settlements and field systems demonstrates well the development of land use on
this remote hillside during and since the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


consulted 1992, Carter, A./CAU/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions and field trace for SX 1480,
to be PRN 3319 (part); consulted 1992, Rose, P.G. & R.R., Cornwall SMR Field Record Survey Card for Roughtor South 110, (1985)

Source: Historic England

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