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Grange bowl barrow 130m north west of The Grange Stables bell barrow, Beckhampton

A Scheduled Monument in Avebury, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4225 / 51°25'20"N

Longitude: -1.8815 / 1°52'53"W

OS Eastings: 408338.348601

OS Northings: 169278.348748

OS Grid: SU083692

Mapcode National: GBR 3VJ.R49

Mapcode Global: VHB44.BHQW

Entry Name: Grange bowl barrow 130m north west of The Grange Stables bell barrow, Beckhampton

Scheduled Date: 8 August 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008124

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21732

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Avebury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated 130m north west of The
Grange Stables bell barrow. It is located on an east-facing slope overlooking
the Long Stones long barrow and the Beckhampton round barrow cemetery.
The barrow has been reduced by cultivation in the past but survives above
ground as a low mound c.20m in diameter and 0.5m high. The barrow mound was
originally wider and taller and its base survives below the present ground
surface with an overall diameter of c.26m. Surrounding the mound is a quarry
ditch from which material was taken during its construction. This ditch has
become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial monuments in the
country. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with
most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally and around 320 in the Avebury area. This group of
monuments will provide important information on the development of this area
during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. All surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The Grange bowl barrow survives as an earthwork and will contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and
use.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SU 06 NE 81, Royal Commission on Historical Monuments of England, Tumulus north of the Grange, (1973)
SU06NE651, CAO, Bowl barrow, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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