Ancient Monuments

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Manor Farm moated site

A Scheduled Monument in North Killingholme, North Lincolnshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.6429 / 53°38'34"N

Longitude: -0.2703 / 0°16'12"W

OS Eastings: 514445.541814

OS Northings: 417650.351855

OS Grid: TA144176

Mapcode National: GBR VVK9.8W

Mapcode Global: WHHH9.TPHP

Entry Name: Manor Farm moated site

Scheduled Date: 18 April 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008044

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21188

County: North Lincolnshire

Civil Parish: North Killingholme

Traditional County: Lincolnshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Lincolnshire

Church of England Parish: North and South Killingholme St Denys

Church of England Diocese: Lincoln

Details

The moated site at Manor Farm includes two moated sites, a smaller one located
in the north-western corner of the larger one, and other associated features.
The large moated site measures c.240m east-west by 180m north-south. The moat
which defines this site is best preserved at the northern end where it remains
water-filled. The northern arm is 10m wide and at least 2m deep. An outer
bank, 0.5m high and 5m wide, flanks this arm of the moat. On the west side
only the northern half of the moat is visible as an earthwork feature: here a
100m length is visible as a ditch 10m wide and 2m deep. This western arm of
the moated site would originally have extended further to the south. Although
this section has been in-filled it will survive as a buried feature below the
present ground surface. The eastern arm of the larger moated site is similarly
only visible in its northern half where it is 125m long, 10m wide and 2m deep.
It also contains water but further south the moat has been in-filled. The
southern arm of the larger site has also been in-filled but remains visible as
as a slight hollow 0.5m deep running across fields to the south of the
farmyard.

Within the north-western corner of the larger moated site is the smaller
moated site, the island of which is 50m square. The northern and western arms
of this smaller moat are formed by the arms of the larger moat. The southern
and eastern arms of the moat remain visible as earthworks up to 10m wide and
2m deep. They also retain water. Access to the island of the smaller site is
provided by a causeway across the north-eastern corner of the moat.

The remainder of the island of the larger moat (the area outside the smaller
site) appears to have been sub-divided by further drainage ditches. One of
these remains as a water-filled ditch which appears to extend the line of the
eastern moat of the smaller site further to the south to link up with the
southern outer moat. It does not, however, visibly link with the arm of the
smaller moat, having been in-filled to provide a crossing point for an access
track to the later farm.

Manor Farm and its associated outbuildings are located in the centre of the
island of the larger moated site. The farmhouse is a Grade II* Listed
Building whilst adjacent stables and granaries are Listed Grade II. All
buildings on the site are excluded from the scheduling although the ground
beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Despite disturbance to and partial in-filling of the moats, the monument at
Manor Farm survives reasonably well. Evidence of the buildings which occupied
the site will survive on the enclosed islands while organic and environmental
remains will be preserved in the waterlogged moats.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Allen, T H, History Of Lincolnshire, (1834), 231
White, W, Directory of Lincolnshire, (1872), 542

Source: Historic England

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