Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 100m east of Forest Cottage

A Scheduled Monument in Farnham, Surrey

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Latitude: 51.1959 / 51°11'45"N

Longitude: -0.776 / 0°46'33"W

OS Eastings: 485624.464267

OS Northings: 144788.742306

OS Grid: SU856447

Mapcode National: GBR DBB.W3L

Mapcode Global: VHDY8.H6MK

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 100m east of Forest Cottage

Scheduled Date: 12 April 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007907

English Heritage Legacy ID: 23006

County: Surrey

Civil Parish: Farnham

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: The Bourne

Church of England Diocese: Guildford


The monument includes one of two bowl barrows situated on the crest of a hill
in an area of undulating Greensand.
The barrow has a mound 26m in diameter and 2m high with a central hollow,
suggesting that the mound was once partially excavated. Surrounding the mound
is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. This has become partially infilled over the years and is visible as
a terrace to the north of the mound, the rest surviving as a buried feature
c.3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite evidence of partial excavation, the bowl barrow 100m east of Forest
Cottage survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed. Its association with a second bowl barrow 100m to the south-
east contributes to our understanding of the nature and scale of human
occupation in this area during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Barrows 1934-1987: A Reappraisal, , Vol. 79, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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