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Bowl barrow 50m SSE of Tilford Barrows: part of The Barrows round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Tilford, Surrey

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1907 / 51°11'26"N

Longitude: -0.7296 / 0°43'46"W

OS Eastings: 488871.726201

OS Northings: 144259.018401

OS Grid: SU888442

Mapcode National: GBR DBL.8CH

Mapcode Global: VHDY9.9BML

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 50m SSE of Tilford Barrows: part of The Barrows round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 4 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007884

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20175

County: Surrey

Civil Parish: Tilford

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Tilford

Church of England Diocese: Guildford

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a gentle south-facing slope
above a steep scarp in the Lower Greensand. It is one of a group of five bowl
barrows forming a linear round barrow cemetery aligned NNE-SSW. This barrow
survives as a mound 14m in diameter and 0.7m high surrounded by a ditch from
which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is
no longer visible at ground level having become infilled over the years but
survives as a buried feature c.1.5m wide.
The barrow is one of three within the cemetery which were partially excavated
in 1870 by Reverend Charles Kerry, a local antiquarian. Few details are known
and only a flint flake is thought to have been found.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow 50m SSE of Tilford Barrows
survives comparatively well and contains archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument, the barrow cemetery, and the
landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Barrows 1934-1987: A Reappraisal, , Vol. 79, (1987), 36-37
Other
Reverend C Kerry , Original Notes of Charles Kerry, (1870)

Source: Historic England

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