Ancient Monuments

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Round barrow 700m north east of Collingwood Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Cottam, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0842 / 54°5'3"N

Longitude: -0.5355 / 0°32'7"W

OS Eastings: 495898.83578

OS Northings: 466355.659601

OS Grid: SE958663

Mapcode National: GBR SPP6.VP

Mapcode Global: WHGCX.RL5V

Entry Name: Round barrow 700m north east of Collingwood Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 January 1963

Last Amended: 30 June 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007861

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21221

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Cottam

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Cowlam St Mary

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age round barrow, part of a wider group in this
area of the Yorkshire Wolds. The barrow mound is 1.3m high and 40m in
diameter. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which
material was excavated during the construction of the monument surrounds the
barrow mound. Although this has become in-filled over the years it survives
as a buried feature which is visible as a soil-mark 8m wide.
The 19th century antiquarian J R Mortimer partially excavated the barrow mound
in 1892. He found a central grave which contained the skeleton of a child, a
cremation which had been spread on the ancient ground surface, and the
crouched skeletons of two adults that had been buried in the mound.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although this barrow has been partially excavated and altered by agricultural
activity it is still visible as a mound. Further evidence of the structure of
the mound, the surrounding ditch and burials will survive. It will also
contribute to an understanding of the wider group of which it is a member.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
6210, Humberside SMR,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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