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Platform cairn with outer bank and central mound 740m NNE of Goodaver Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Neot, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5481 / 50°32'53"N

Longitude: -4.529 / 4°31'44"W

OS Eastings: 220922.905225

OS Northings: 75088.831034

OS Grid: SX209750

Mapcode National: GBR NC.GSK2

Mapcode Global: FRA 17DM.3F0

Entry Name: Platform cairn with outer bank and central mound 740m NNE of Goodaver Farm

Scheduled Date: 18 April 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007777

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15274

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Neot

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: Altarnon with Bolventor

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument includes a prehistoric funerary platform cairn with an outer bank
and central mound situated near the highest point of the Goodaver Downs,
bordering the north-east side of the upper River Fowey valley on southern
Bodmin Moor.
The cairn survives with a largely turf-covered circular platform of heaped
rubble, up to 19.5m in diameter and 0.25m high above the surface of the thick
peat deposits which extend to the edges of the cairn. The periphery of the
platform supports an outer bank, up to 2m wide and 0.4m high. The outer edge
of the outer bank is marked by a kerb of small edge-set slabs, generally 0.1m-
0.15m high and spaced 2m-3m apart along the cairn's southern and western
perimeter; along the northern and eastern sectors, only occasional kerb slabs
are visible due to minor stone-robbing for the modern hedgebank passing close
to those sides of the cairn. At the centre of the platform is a heaped rubble
mound 10.5m in diameter and 0.5m above the platform's surface. The mound's
surface includes several irregular hollows, up to 0.2m deep, due to
stone-robbing or an unrecorded antiquarian excavation.
Beyond the monument, other broadly contemporary monuments include the Goodaver
Stone Circle, located 50m to the north-west, and prehistoric hut circle
settlements and field systems on the north-east side of the River Fowey
valley, from 150m to the south-west.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Platform cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Early Bronze Age (c.2000-1600 BC). They
were constructed as low flat-topped mounds of stone rubble up to 40m in
external diameter. Some examples have other features, including peripheral
banks and internal mounds, constructed on this platform. A kerb of edge-set
stones sometimes bounds the edges of the platform, bank or mound, or all
three. Platform cairns occur as isolated monuments, in small groups, or in
cairn cemeteries. In the latter instances they are normally found alongside
cairns of other types. Although no precise figure is available, current
evidence indicates that there are under 250 known examples of this monument
class nationally. As a rare monument type exhibiting considerable variation in
form, a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
preservation.

This platform cairn on the Goodaver Downs has survived well. Despite some
evidence for very minor stone-robbing and perhaps an unrecorded antiquarian
excavation about the central mound, the cairn retains its distinctive form.
The presence of the kerb around the outer bank is unusual. This is one of the
larger platform cairns on the Moor and will preserve an extensive area of
buried prehistoric land surface; this will be supplemented by environmental
data for subsequent periods preserved in the thick peat deposits about the
periphery of the cairn. The proximity of the cairn to the Goodaver Stone
Circle and to the broadly contemporary settlement sites and field systems on
the valley side demonstrates well the relationships of funerary practices with
ritual and farming activities among prehistoric communities.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
consulted 1993, Carter, A./Fletcher, M.J./RCHME, 1:2500 AP plots and field traces for SX 2074-5,
consulted 1993, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1115,

Source: Historic England

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