Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow and archery butt 231m south-west of Wold Newton Church

A Scheduled Monument in Wold Newton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.1412 / 54°8'28"N

Longitude: -0.4016 / 0°24'5"W

OS Eastings: 504517.797401

OS Northings: 472881.676271

OS Grid: TA045728

Mapcode National: GBR TNMK.V8

Mapcode Global: WHGCS.S5ZN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow and archery butt 231m south-west of Wold Newton Church

Scheduled Date: 7 January 1980

Last Amended: 17 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007741

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21244

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Wold Newton

Built-Up Area: Wold Newton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Wold Newton All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow in the centre of Wold Newton,
one of a pair of barrows known locally as the Butts Hills, reflecting their
later use in the medieval period as butts for archery practice.
The barrow mound is 1.5m high and 19m in diameter. Although no longer visible
at ground level, a ditch, from which material was excavated during the
construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become
in-filled over the years but survives as a buried feature 4m wide.
Medieval ridge and furrow field strips respect both mounds, indicating that
these are earlier than the field system and confirming them as barrows rather
than specially constructed butt mounds.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

This barrow survives reasonably well and seems little affected by its later
use as an archery butt. It will retain significant infomation on its original
form and the manner and duration of its use. It will also contribute to an
understanding of the wider group of barrows in the area.
The re-use of the barrow as an archery butt is unusual. Such butts were used
throughout the medieval period for archery practice with the longbow, an
important element of England's weaponry throughout the medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Yorkshire: The East Riding, (1974), 297
Other
459, Humberside SMR,

Source: Historic England

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