Ancient Monuments

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A bowl barrow on Toisland Wold, 180m east of Toisland Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Birdsall, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.059 / 54°3'32"N

Longitude: -0.7295 / 0°43'46"W

OS Eastings: 483260.943508

OS Northings: 463310.691075

OS Grid: SE832633

Mapcode National: GBR RPBH.VP

Mapcode Global: WHFBW.R7TM

Entry Name: A bowl barrow on Toisland Wold, 180m east of Toisland Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007568

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20508

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Birdsall

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: West Buckrose

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of Toisland Wold.
The barrow is one of a number of prehistoric monuments located at the eastern
end of Birdsall Wold.
Although altered by agricultural activity and no longer visible as an
earthwork, the ditch surrounding the barrow, which has become infilled over
the years, is visible on aerial photographs. The ditch has a maximum diameter
of 15m. As there is no evidence that the barrow has ever been excavated, the
buried ditch and the contents of burial pits will remain undisturbed.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 3 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although the barrow has been partially altered by agricultural activity,
below-ground remains of the encircling ditch and the contents of grave pits
will survive intact.
The monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows which have
further associations with broadly contemporary boundary earthworks on Birdsall
Wold. Similar groups of monuments are also known from other parts of the Wolds
and from the southern edge of the North York Moors. Such associations between
monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for
social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas
during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Stoetz, K., RCHME unpublished survey,

Source: Historic England

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