Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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A bowl barrow on Birdsall Wold, 300m east of Aldro Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Birdsall, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0559 / 54°3'21"N

Longitude: -0.7612 / 0°45'40"W

OS Eastings: 481192.962973

OS Northings: 462925.865373

OS Grid: SE811629

Mapcode National: GBR RP4J.0T

Mapcode Global: WHFBW.8BS0

Entry Name: A bowl barrow on Birdsall Wold, 300m east of Aldro Farm

Scheduled Date: 14 January 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007516

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20467

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Birdsall

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: West Buckrose

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of Birdsall Wold.
The barrow is one of a number of prehistoric monuments in the vicinity of
Aldro Farm.
Although altered by agricultural activity and no longer identifiable as a
surface feature, the circular outline of a buried quarry-ditch surrounding the
barrow is visible on aerial photographs. The ditch measures 11m in diameter.
As there is no evidence that it has ever been excavated, the buried ditch and
the contents of burial pits are thought to remain intact.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 3 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although the barrow has been partially altered by agricultural activity,
below-ground remains of the encircling ditch and the contents of grave pits
will survive intact.
The monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows which have
further associations with broadly contemporary boundary earthworks in the
vicinity of Birdsall Wold. Similar groups of monuments are also known from the
southern edge of the North York Moors. Such associations between monuments
offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual
and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the
prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


Stoetz, K., RCHME unpublished survey,

Source: Historic England

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