Ancient Monuments

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Medieval farmstead, 500m ENE of Titlington Mount

A Scheduled Monument in Hedgeley, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.4416 / 55°26'29"N

Longitude: -1.8343 / 1°50'3"W

OS Eastings: 410581.520313

OS Northings: 616430.187536

OS Grid: NU105164

Mapcode National: GBR H5MJ.P4

Mapcode Global: WHC19.SHQ6

Entry Name: Medieval farmstead, 500m ENE of Titlington Mount

Scheduled Date: 23 October 1973

Last Amended: 2 December 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007451

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21019

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Hedgeley

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Eglingham St Maurice

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of farmstead of medieval and post-medieval
date situated on gently sloping land overlooking the valley of the Titlington
Burn to the south. The farm consists of the foundations of three related
enclosures. The monument is divided into three seperate areas. The most
westerly enclosure, polygonal in shape, is 20m by 14m within a bank of stone
and earth 2m wide and 0.5m high. It contains a sub-rectangular building 10m
long by 8m wide enclosed by stony banks 2m wide and 0.7m high. This is
interpreted as the living area of the farm. At the south-west end of this
large enclosure a dividing wall forms a small compartment which contains two
small huts. The entrance to the enclosure is in the south-west corner. A
second enclosure, which is circular, lies to the north-east; it is 14m in
diameter within an earth and stone bank 3m wide and 0.3m high. A third
enclosure, truncated by a forestry plantation to the north, is situated 40m
north-east of the second; it is sub-rectangular in shape and measures 12.5m by
11m within a stone and earth bank which stands to 0.8m high. The latter two
enclosures are interpreted as small farm buildings or stock enclosures.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Farmsteads, normally occupied by only one or two families and comprising small
groups of buildings with attached yards, gardens and enclosures, were a
characteristic feature of the medieval rural landscape. They occur throughout
the country, the intensity of their distribution determined by local
topography and the nature of the agricultural system prevalent within the
region. In some areas of dispersed settlement they were the predominant
settlement form; elsewhere they existed alongside, or were components of, more
nucleated settlement patterns. The sites of many farmsteads have been
occupied down to the present day but others were abandoned as a result of, for
example, declining economic viability, enclosure or emparkment, or epidemics
like the Black Death. In the northern border areas, recurring cross-border
raids and military activities also disrupted agricultural life and led to
abandonments. Farmsteads are a common and long-lived monument type; the
archaeological deposits on those which were abandoned are often well-preserved
and provide important information on regional and national settlement patterns
and farming economies, and on changes in these through time.

The farmstead ENE of Titlington Mount survives well and will contribute to the
study of the nature and distribution of medieval rural settlement. Small
medieval farmsteads are difficult to identify; many have been destroyed by
continued use of individual sites. This is a good example of a deserted
farmstead.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
NU 11 NW 10,
RAF 540/611 F20 4080-1, (1951)

Source: Historic England

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