Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 280m north-east of Raddick Hill summit

A Scheduled Monument in Dartmoor Forest, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5243 / 50°31'27"N

Longitude: -4.0033 / 4°0'11"W

OS Eastings: 258092.229077

OS Northings: 71304.884385

OS Grid: SX580713

Mapcode National: GBR Q2.XHG8

Mapcode Global: FRA 27HP.45P

Entry Name: Round cairn 280m north-east of Raddick Hill summit

Scheduled Date: 16 July 1974

Last Amended: 11 November 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007428

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22302

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Dartmoor Forest

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes a round cairn situated on a gentle north-west facing
slope of Cramber Tor overlooking the valley of the Hart Tor Brook. The cairn
mound measures 7m in diameter and stands up to 1.2m high. A hollow in the
centre of the mound suggests partial early excavation or robbing. The site was
described by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee as being the one in which a
cist containing a piece of bronze was found. It is however more likely that
the platform cairn 220m to the south-west is the true provenance of this find.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary
monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain
where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may
cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer
ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in
the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a
monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and
social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one
of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south-
western Britain.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the round cairn 280m north-east of
Raddick Hill summit survives well and contains archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed. This cairn forms an important constituent part of a diverse
group of monuments including contemporary settlements, field systems and other
funerary sites.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Burnard, R, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in Eighteenth Report of the Barrow Committee, , Vol. 31, (1899), 98-99
Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE84,

Source: Historic England

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