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Bowl barrow 370m east-south-east of Bearhurst Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Henbury, Cheshire East

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.2451 / 53°14'42"N

Longitude: -2.1907 / 2°11'26"W

OS Eastings: 387371.815001

OS Northings: 372029.137503

OS Grid: SJ873720

Mapcode National: GBR FZ4X.JF

Mapcode Global: WHBBN.BP2K

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 370m east-south-east of Bearhurst Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007384

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22583

County: Cheshire East

Civil Parish: Henbury

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Henbury St Thomas

Church of England Diocese: Chester

Details

The monument is a bowl barrow located at the end of a low spur of higher
ground 370m east-south-east of Bearhurst Farm. It includes a flat-topped
circular mound of sand and earth 17m in diameter and up to 1.3m high. Limited
excavation of the barrow undertaken during the 1960's located a cremation in a
collared urn covered by a round based vessel. The cinerary urn stood in an
ash-filled cremation pit. Additionally over 160 flint fragments were also
found including a leaf-shaped arrowhead and many triangular points.
A fence surrounding the perimeter of the barrow is excluded from the
scheduling, although the ground beneath the fence is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite limited excavation of this monument, the bowl barrow 370m
east-south-east of Bearhurst Farm survives reasonably well. This excavation
located human remains, pottery and flint, and further evidence of interments
and grave goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface
beneath.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Correspondence and outline report, Bethall, D & Rowley, G, Henbury, (Macclesfield, Cheshire SJ 874720) - EBA Barrow,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
SMR No. 1369, Cheshire SMR, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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