Ancient Monuments

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Two conjoined ring cairns on Synald's Knoll, 140m north-west of OS trig pillar.

A Scheduled Monument in Myndtown, Shropshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.5072 / 52°30'25"N

Longitude: -2.8811 / 2°52'51"W

OS Eastings: 340293.014871

OS Northings: 290282.907886

OS Grid: SO402902

Mapcode National: GBR BC.H1CS

Mapcode Global: VH760.07QV

Entry Name: Two conjoined ring cairns on Synald's Knoll, 140m north-west of OS trig pillar.

Scheduled Date: 25 September 1935

Last Amended: 20 October 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007332

English Heritage Legacy ID: 19090

County: Shropshire

Civil Parish: Myndtown

Traditional County: Shropshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Shropshire

Church of England Parish: Myndtown with Norbury

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Details

The monument includes the remains of two contiguous ring cairns situated on
Synald's Knoll. The more westerly is the larger of the two and is visible as a
well defined circular mound of stone and earth construction with an overall
diameter of 14.4m. The mound sides rise steeply to form a rounded and partly
collapsed stone rim standing up to 1.2m high surrounding a central crater 5m
in diameter. This central hollowed area is disturbed and confused as a result
of exploration at some time in the past and the maximum depth of 0.7m may be
the result of this exploration. However a slight step in the crater sides at
0.2m below the rim edge probably represents the original level of the central
platform. The barrow is joined at its south-east quarter to a second smaller
ring cairn 9.6m in diameter. This comprises a well defined circular bank of
stone and earth construction, 2.5m wide and 0.5m high surrounding a central
hollow 4.6m in diameter and 0.3m deep.
Athough no longer visible at ground level, a ditch approximately 2m wide,
from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument
surrounds the ring cairns.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of
stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may
be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small
uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of
England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground
level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial
photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples.
Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are
interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact
nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has
revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and
pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial
rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the
number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available
evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a
relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form,
all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological
deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

Despite evidence of some disturbance by past exploration, the two conjoined
ring cairns on Synalds Knoll survive well and are good examples of a
relatively rare class of monument in England. The two cairns will preserve
archaeological evidence relating to the use and development of the site and
environmental evidence allowing an understanding of the landscape in which it
was constructed. The barrows are of similar age to several other sepulchral
monuments which occur on The Long Mynd and, as such, contribute information
relating to the intensity of settlement and type of land-use in this area of
upland during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Record no. 01241,

Source: Historic England

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