Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round 310m east of Carloggas Moor Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Stephen-in-Brannel, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.3535 / 50°21'12"N

Longitude: -4.8707 / 4°52'14"W

OS Eastings: 195882.884931

OS Northings: 54335.574875

OS Grid: SW958543

Mapcode National: GBR ZS.9V6R

Mapcode Global: FRA 08P3.G7Y

Entry Name: Round 310m east of Carloggas Moor Farm

Scheduled Date: 14 April 1980

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007291

English Heritage Legacy ID: CO 1071

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Stephen-in-Brannel

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Stephen-in-Brannel

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a round, situated on the upper south west-facing slopes of a long gently sloping ridge. The round survives as a circular enclosure defined by a single rampart bank of up to 1m high with a partially buried outer ditch. The rampart to the north and east has been partly incorporated into a field boundary. It has been partially cut by workings from a tin mine.
Further archaeological remains in the vicinity are the subject of a separate scheduling.

Sources: HER:-
PastScape Monument No:-430110

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Rounds are small embanked enclosures, one of a range of settlement types dating to between the later Iron Age and the early post-Roman period. Usually circular or oval, they have a single earth and rubble bank and an outer ditch, with one entrance breaking the circuit. Excavations have produced drystone supporting walls within the bank, paved or cobbled entrance ways, post built gate structures, and remains of timber, turf or stone built houses of oval or rectangular plan, often set around the inner edge of the enclosing bank. Other evidence includes hearths, drains, gullies, pits and rubbish middens. Evidence for industrial activities has been recovered from some sites, including small scale metal working and, among the domestic debris, items traded from distant sources. Some rounds are associated with secondary enclosures, either abutting the round as an annexe or forming an additional enclosure. Rounds are viewed primarily as agricultural settlements, the equivalents of farming hamlets. They were replaced by unenclosed settlement types by the 7th century AD. Over 750 rounds are recorded in the British Isles, occurring in areas bordering the Irish Seas, but confined in England to south west Devon and especially Cornwall. Most recorded examples are sited on hillslopes and spurs. Rounds are important as one of the major sources of information on settlement and social organisation of the Iron Age and Roman periods in south west England. Despite some mining disturbance and past cultivation, the round 310m east of Carloggas Moor Farm survives comparatively well, is closely associated with a nearby hillfort and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction, longevity, trade, agricultural practices, social organisation, territorial significance, relationship with the hillfort, domestic arrangements and overall landscape context.

Source: Historic England

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