Ancient Monuments

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Lacon Cross

A Scheduled Monument in Arlecdon and Frizington, Cumbria

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5359 / 54°32'9"N

Longitude: -3.5086 / 3°30'30"W

OS Eastings: 302486.94797

OS Northings: 516671.839333

OS Grid: NY024166

Mapcode National: GBR 3HYZ.6S

Mapcode Global: WH5Z9.28J1

Entry Name: Lacon Cross

Scheduled Date: 1 March 1968

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007167

English Heritage Legacy ID: CU 311

County: Cumbria

Civil Parish: Arlecdon and Frizington

Traditional County: Cumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cumbria

Church of England Parish: Frizington St Paul

Church of England Diocese: Carlisle

Summary

Medieval Cross, 392m south west of Home Farm.

Source: Historic England

Details

This record was the subject of a minor enhancement on 23 March 2016. This record has been generated from an "old county number" (OCN) scheduling record. These are monuments that were not reviewed under the Monuments Protection Programme and are some of our oldest designation records.

The monument includes the remains of a cross of medieval date, situated on a gentle south west facing slope the edge on the edge of Rheda. The cross, known as Cross Lacon, is constructed from red sandstone and has a shaft topped by a wheel head cross. The cross has a height of 1m, the cross has a diameter of 0.5m and the shaft is 0.3m square. The shaft is set into a chamfered abacus bearing the inscription ‘Cross Lacon’. The monument is a Listed Building Grade II*.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns.

The medieval cross 392m south west of Home Farm is well-preserved. The monument is representative of its period and provides insight into routeways and religious customs during the medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
PastScape Monument No:- 8788

Source: Historic England

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